The male Purple Martin in uniformly blue-black above and below and is North Americas largest swallow. The female Purple Martin is brownish-gray above, a light belly and throat, and with a faint collar. It has a range from southern Canada to northern Mexico. It has a habitat of towns, farms, semi-open country, mountain forest edges near water, and lowland desert with giant saguaro cactus. Almost all Purple Martins nest in birdhouses put up especially for them. It feeds on a wide variety of flying insects: wasps, flying ants, bees, beetles, moths, and butterfly s.
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